'Garment processing' is nothing but preparation, dyeing, printing and finishing operations performed on apparel that has been fully made and is ready for sale. Newer fashion trends through continuous product and process development is a key to be successful, as consumers are more fashion conscious irrespective of kid’s wear, men’s garments or lady’s garments. Garment wet processing has become the key element of product development. The five “F’s” are very important for consumer satisfaction 1) Fabric 2) Finishing 3) Fit 4) Factory 5) fashion. All these five elements interact with each other to create new and exciting looks for the future. The important factor in garments from customer satisfaction is look, colour and feel of the garments, which must be appealing. The effect of garment wet processing should create attractive fashions and should differ from garments manufactured from processed fabrics.
Apart from the fashion and trends, garment wet processing also have advantages in economics and other aspects they are listed as
Advantages Of 'Garment Processing'Handling of smaller lots economically
Enables various special effects to achieved
Distressed look can be effectively imparted
Unsold light shades can be converted into medium and deep shades
By the time the garment has been in a boiling dyebath and then tumble-dried, it will have adopted its lowest energy state and will not suffer further shrinkage under consumer washing conditions
Latest fashion trends can be effectively incorporated through garment wet processing by immediate feedback from the customer
But Advantages Are Also Associated With Disadvantages,
Disadvantages of 'garment processing'High cost of processing
A little complicated dyeing
Garment accessories like zips, buttons, etc impose restrictions. The garments produced from woven fabrics create many problems and it has been found that the existing textile treatment styles as developed for piece dyed fabric cannot be just assembled for garment wet processing operation such as garment dyeing, unless they have been engineered from the original design stage for garment dyeing.
The factors governing processing of ready-made garments are
• Sewing Thread
• Metal Components. Shrink behavior
• Foreign substances
• Care labeling.